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Rozhanka Tower, the end of the XIV - the middle of the XVI centuries. Preservation #730/5 | Foto
Zamkova St.

It makes up the northern external angle of the main yard of the Old Castle. Its buildinbg was finished at the beginning of the XV century. In 1505, a three-storied building was built on to the Tower from the side of the yard. A window with a memorial plate over it was made on the eastern elevation instead of mashykul'. In 1544, I. Pretfes rebuilt the third tier of the Tower and a three-storied building, adjoining to it. In 1672, the upper part of the parepet with the loopholes was damaged. In 1771, the north-western elevation of the Tower was built up with a scarp wall to the height of four tiers. In 1790, along with building of the battery at the north-eastern elevation of the Castle, the Tower was filled up with earth almost on 1.5 tier.
Now, the tower is 12 m high, from the side of the main yard of the Castle, and 15 m - from the side of the northern yard. Its diameter is 8.8 m, the stone walls thickness is 2-2.5 m. The diameter of the first tier is 9.7 m, the thickness of the parapet wall is 0.9 m. The coverings of the Tower are flat on beams. There is a conical stone dome over the forth tier. The loopholes are in the form of the key. The window in the third tier is with a white-stone platband of the Early Renaissance style. There is a plate with a Latin inscription and date "1505" over it. The ancient stucco with a geometrical polychromical drawing remained under the corbels and around the loopholes. The white-stone profiles of the corbels and level cornice are of the Late Gothic style.
The level coverings, arcature with a parapet, water jets of the upper tier, and ancient fenestrations has been restored in the Tower. The monument is a typical example of the angle flanking tower.

Памятники градостроительства и архитектуры Украинской ССР; (Ил. справ.-каталог): В 4-х т./ Гл. редкол.: Н.Л. Жариков (гл. ред.) и др. - К.: Будівельник, 1983-1986

Translated by Yana Anufriyeva
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