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Old House of the Theological Seminary (1789-1790). Preservation #1650 | Foto
11 Pyatnyts'ka St.

It was built in the place of the houses and fence with a pediment existed before, maybe возможно, partly used. Simultaneously with the main building the annexes to the eastern side were made. In 1796, because of the adaptation to the hall the internal partitions were disassembled and instead of ten (10) rooms a two-storied hall was built.
The main building is rectangular in plan, two-storied with arched basement in the north-western part. The foundations and walls are made of limestone on mortar. The walls are plastered. The planning is sectional. There are the memorial plates to A.P. Svydnyts'kyi and S.V. Rudans'kyi in the western elevation.

Справочник - каталог "Пам'ятники градостроительства и архитектуры Украинской ССР". редакторы Л.В.Лотоцкая, Э.А.Полторацкая, Г.Л.Пономарева Издательство "Будівельник", г.Киев, 1986 год, 4 том.


BUILDING OF PODIL'S'KA THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, WHERE S.V. RUDANS'KYI, A.P. SVYDNYTS'KYI, K.V. SHEYKOVS'KYI HAVE STUDIED, AND THERE WERE OTHER CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.
PYATNYTS'KA ST.

It is situated in the eastern part of Soviets'ka Square of the Old Town, in the yard of former Ioanno-Predtechyns'ka Church and buildings of Russian Town Council. It was built in 1627 as an educational institution. It is stone, two-storied, two-chambered, the roof is tiled, the building is in the style of Russian classicism.
On April 21, 1793, the Decree of the Empress, Catherina II on joining Podillia to Russian Empire was read to the citizens of the town from the balcony of the front of the house. There had been the nobility assembly in the house till 1798; from 1799 to 1801, the theatre of Anton Zmiyevs'kyi had been there; from 1805 to 1865, Podil's'ka Theological Seminary had been there. In 1849 - 1855, Stepan Vasyliovych Rudans'kyi (1834 - 1873) studied at the seminary; he was a famous Ukrainian poet and democrat, specialist in folklore, who continued a civic position of T.H.Shevchenko in his work. During his studies he began writing down folk songs, legends, anecdotes, proverbs. Collected materials underlied two hand-written collections "Narodnyie malorossiyskiye pesni, sobrannyie v Podol'skoy guberniyi S. V. R." ("The Folk Songs, Collected in Podil's'ka Guberniya(province)")(1852). In Kamyanets' he has written six ballads and the poems "Dva trupa" ("Two Corpses")(1851), "Syrotyna ya bezrodnyi" ("I Am an Orphan"), "Upyr"("Vampire") (1853), "Liuba"("Darling") (1854), "Ty ne moya"("You Are Not Mine"), "Mene zabud'"("Forget Me") and others, in which he exposed the serfdom and parasitism of the officials. Famous Ukrainian writer and democrat, ethnographer Anatoliy Patrykeyevych Svydnyts'kyi (1834-1871) was a colleague of the poet at the seminary in 1851 - 1856. In his novel "Liuborats'ki" (1886) he satirically describes life of the provincial clergy, a lot of plots depict way of life of the inhabitants of Podillia and Kamyanets' and show a severe reality of life of the seminarists. In September, 1870 the writer visit the city of his youth for the last time and wrote about it in the sketch"Tuda i obratno" ("There And Back"). Kalenyk Vasyliovych Sheykovs'kyi (1835 - 1903), Ukrainian linguist, scientist, teacher, enlightener and publisher, who also studied at the seminary in 1852-1858, collaborated with Rudans'kyi and Svydnyts'kyi. He published the first printed book on ethnography of the country - "Byt Podolian"("Life of Podolians") (edition І-ІІ, kyiv, 1859, 1860). He assembled and published "Opyt yujno-russkogo slovaria" ("Experience of the South-Russian Dictionary") (1861), popular textbook "Domashniaya nauka" ("Home Study") and opened Ukrainian schools in Kyiv.
Because of the passage of the seminary to a specially built house in New City in 1865, a district Orthodox theological school was located in the house till the beginning of the XX century. From 1914 to 1919 the house was given to the historical-archeographic department of Ancient Depository (historical museum). Y.I. Sitsyns'kyi (1859 - 1927), a scolar, researcher of the history of Podillia has worked there. Olexandr Ivanovych Prusevych (1878 - 1944) - a Polish historian of Podillia, geologist, founder of Podillian society of naturalists, editor of its works was the main keeper of the library of the museum. In 1915 he published the book "Kamyanets'-Podil's'kyi, Historical Sketch" (in Polish), he is also an author of "Materials on Bibliography of Podillia" (editions І-Ш, 1914). He left for L'viv because of the Civil War (1919).
In 1928-1932, the building was turned into the Pioneers' House. Today, the picture-gallery of the historical museum is located there (from 1982).

Sources and Literature:
Архив Юго-Западной России. Ч.5, Т. 2. - К, 1869. -С.536-583.
"Подольские епархиальные ведомости". 1888. - № 38
Сицинский Е. Каменец-Подольский. - K. - 1895. - С.200.
Цеков І.Ю. Степан Руданський. - К.: Дніпро, 1983. - С.20-22.
Мищук Р. Писатель с "орлинным пером". //Анатолій Свидницький. Люборацькі. - К., 1984. - С. 5-23.
Чопик Я.М. А.П. Свидницький і Поділля. //Тези доп. VІ-ої Подільської іст.-краєзн. конф. Секція іст. дожовтн. періоду. - Кам.-Под., І9в5. - С.; So-26.,
Скорський М.А. Письменники і митці в Кам"янці-Подільському в другій половині XIX ст. //Матеріали третьої Подільської історико-краезнавч. конференції. - Львів - 1970. - С.181-185.
Сваричевеький А.В. Перше друковане видання, присвячене фольклору і етнографії Поділля. //Проблеми етнографії Поділля. Тези доп. наук. конф. - Кам.-Под. - 1986. - С.185-186.
Л.В. Баженов, В.П. Соловей
І. There are no memorial plates there.

Translated by Yana Anufriyeva
mail to:
yana@dekasoft.com.ua