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16. The Old Russian Settlement

The Old Russian Settlement belonged to Slavic population and was a part of Galyts'ko-Volyns'ke Principality. The Settlement was a trade center of Galyts'ke Ponyzzia. It was one of the town-fortresses of Podnistrovya, where the Prince's garrisons, which defended the South-Western Russ' from attacks of different invaders, were located. The cause of desolation of the Settlement is not clear.

The Settlement was investigated in 1963, by the Leningrad archaeologist, P.O. Rappoport. The materials found, reports, and diaries of the prospective excavations are in the Institute of Archaeology of Academy of Science of Ukraine.

The Settlement is a typical cape fortification. Its territory is three-cornered in shape. The swell was built from the coarse-grained sand. There was found the layer of ashes and burned tree in it. There are tracks of fire on the embankment of the swell. The stones were found on the back surface of the swell. There are some tracks of swells on the flanks of the Settlement. The area of the Settlement gets lower to the East. The Settlement is 60 m long, and 35 m wide. The cultural layer was found on the depth of 0.3-0.6 m. Fragments of ceramics of the ղ�-ղ�� centuries, animal bones, and glass bracelets were found during the prospective works.

According to the Order of the Executive Committee of Khmel'nyts'ka Oblast' Council from 5.05.1974, No.143, a border of the reserved area was established in radius of 50 m there. It is the territory, surrounded by a swell, and swell and ditch from the North.

Translated by Yana Anufriyeva
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