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14. The Old Russian Settlement

The Settlement was left by the Old Russian population and belonged to Ponyzzia (lands of Galyts'ko-Volyns'ke Principality). The Settlement, like many other fortresses of Middle Podnistrovya, protected south-western borders of Russ' from the attacks of different invaders. The Prince's garrisons were located in such kinds of fortresses. The cause of desolation of the Settlement is not clear.

The Settlement was found in 1967, by Kiev archaeologist, O.M. Pryhodniuk. In 1968, the prospecting works were carried out in the Settlement, under the direction of I.S.Vynokur. The archaeological materials are kept in the museum of Kamyanets'-Podil's'kyi University. The reports and diaries are in the Funds of the Institute of Archaeology of Academy of Science of Ukraine.

The Settlement is a cape-shaped fortification. It is three-cornered in its form: it is 60 m wide, and 80 m long. The Settlement is surrounded by swells. They are about 1 meter high. The longest side of the Settlement is 105 m, the widest one is 83 m. The cultural layer is on the depth of 0.2 m. Its thickness 0.4 m. The materials, found in the Settlement consist of ceramics of the ղ-ղ�� centuries, remnants of the wood, fragments of glass bracelets, remnants of iron items, and bones of animals.

According to the Order of the Executive Committee of Khmel'nyts'ka Oblast' Council from 5.05.1974, No.143, a border of the reserved area was established in radius of 50 meters there. It is the territory, protected by the Dnister River from the South, by the Smotrych River from the north-eastern side, and by fields of a collective farm from the West.

Translated by Yana Anufriyeva
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